You probably remember that when you were at school, a doctor checked your hair regularly for small parasites. It was done because sometimes it is difficult to check yourself for lice when they have settled on your scalp. Lice can spread very quickly among people, especially at schools and kindergartens where children closely communicate. Once a louse gets on your hair, it lays eggs that in ten days turn to larva. Lice multiply very rapidly, so it is necessary to start lice treatment as soon as possible. The best way of checking for lice is to ask somebody to look for them in your hair.
It is worth mentioning that there are three types of lice: body, pubic and hair lice. The main thing they have in common is the way they place their eggs. Lice attach nits to human hair with a special adhesive substance, which keeps nits firmly stuck to a hair. That is why it is very difficult to remove lice eggs from your hair. Knowing this will help you in identifying head lice, because sometime people can mistake nits for dandruff, as they are very small and white.
Since lice are still quite common human parasites and they transmit dangerous diseases, you should know how to check for lice yourself and your family members.
How to Detect Lice
There are some symptoms of lice that make it possible to detect them on your body, scalp or pubic area. Among the first signs of lice are their bites. These insects feed on human blood. Therefore lice need to pierce your skin to get some blood to eat. The bitten spot starts itching because of lice’s saliva. If you deliberately start looking for lice in your hair you may even find the exact bite marks on your scalp. They are normally grey or brown, but if you scratch the bites, you will have small bloody wounds. Through these wounds various infections can penetrate into your damaged skin. Usually lice settle on occiput and temples. So it is most likely to identify the first signs of head lice in these areas.
Treatment of Lice
You should regularly check for head lice. If you suspect that you might have lice, comb your hair above a bathtub or a white towel. If you find dark or grey parasites afterwards, it means that you have lice and you should immediately start treatment.
Treatment of head lice depends on their type, but it usually includes processing your hair with some medicine against lice and combing out dead parasites and nits from your hair. At pharmacies you can find a wide variety of modern lice remedies. Make sure that you read the instructions before applying any chemicals.
Body lice treatment includes thorough washing and ironing all your clothes. You should also apply a special agent to your body. There are many modern lice means available at pharmacies and sold without prescription.
Symptoms of head lice also include presence of nits on your hair. If you find on your hair some white particles looking like dandruff that are very difficult to remove, you should suspect that you have lice. Severe form of lice invasion can cause growing of your lymph nodes, bacterial infections in the bitten areas and other diseases.
Symptoms of other types of lice are similar to head lice symptoms. But they settle on body hair or pubic hair. Body lice can leave their eggs in seams of your clothes and bite your neck, armpits or other parts of your body where the skin is easy to pierce. So among the body lice symptoms are itchy spots on your body, nits on your body hair and in clothes.
Pubic lice symptoms include itching in pubic area. You also can notice nits attached to your pubic hair. Pubic lice are the easiest to get rid of. Just shave off your pubic hair and boil your underwear and trousers.
How to Avoid Lice
The most typical reason for lice appearance is neglecting the rules of personal hygiene. But it is not always true, as even the tidiest people can have lice. The trick is that lice are very easy to catch in public places, such as schools, kindergartens, public transport, etc. Therefore you should be very careful in those places and after contacting potential lice carriers take a shower or a bath.
You also can get lice if you use somebody’s hair-brush or comb, hair accessories or towels. Thus, if you have children, make it clear for them that it is forbidden to share personal belongings.
Change your bed sheets regularly and wash them in hot water. Don’t forget to iron them. These procedures will kill lice and their eggs.
Some also say that tea tree and lavender oil applied to your head will keep lice away.