Bedbug is one of the most common household parasites. It feeds on human or animal blood. Bites of these insects can cause a lot of troubles. So if you have become a victim of these parasites you should consider getting rid of bed bugs.
Due to the geometry and flexibility of its segmented body a hungry bedbug is hardly vulnerable to mechanical methods of bed bugs removal. A full bug becomes less agile; its body becomes rounded and dark because of blood.
Parasitic lifestyle is typical for adult bed bugs of both sexes, as well as for the larvae. During daytime bed bugs hide in wall chinks, under wallpapers, in the grooves of furniture, books, clothing, electronics, darkened and warm places and in the cages of animals and birds. At night they creep out to eat. Bedbugs survive equally well in almost any environment. Very hungry bugs in big populations can attack even in daytime. Since the insects are so common, everyone should know how to get rid of bed bugs.
The average life expectancy of bed bugs is one year. Normally an adult insect feeds regularly every 5-10 days mostly on human blood, but it can attack domestic animals, birds, rats and mice. Bed bug larva feeds almost every day, as it needs a lot of blood to grow. Bedbugs do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. At a temperature of -15° C they can live for one day, at a temperature of over +49° bugs die. So the best way to get rid of bed bugs fast is to expose them to high or low temperatures.
At present it is not proved that the bugs can carry diseases. The greatest harm they do to people is biting, which deprives you of normal rest and sleep and thereby reduces your performance. Furthermore, in some cases, bed bug bite can cause skin rashes and allergies or become a stressful factor. When feeding, a bed bug leaves several bite marks on your skin, as it needs to make a few holes to suck the needed amount of your blood. The distance between the bites can reach several centimeters. If your house is extremely infested with bed bugs you will possibly have 100 or more bites in one night.
Fighting With Bed Bugs
There are quite a number of methods that help to kill bed bugs. Here are some tips on what to do if you have bed bugs at home:
- The most effective way to get rid of bed bugs naturally is complete simultaneous heating of all the infected premises with dry heat (more than +50°C) for 20 hours. Time is counted from the moment when the entire house warms up to the needed temperature. To destroy the nests of bed bugs you need to heat them up to +100°C during 60 minutes;
- If you want to get rid of bed bugs in clothes, shoes, soft toys, bags and bed sheets, set a dryer at medium or high temperatures for 10 to 20 minutes;
- Using a vacuum cleaner can help to decrease the population of bed bugs. Careful cleaning of cracks and chinks can physically remove the bugs. But it is not always possible to reach all the places where the insects hide with the help of a vacuum cleaner. Therefore, this method will not bring 100% result;
- Treatment with a steam cleaner is more effective, as vapor flow can be directed to destroy the bugs in their covers, which are not always easy to approach directly;
- Another method to try is keeping infected things in a closed car for at least one day. In summer you can collect contaminated objects in a bag and leave them for a day in the car parked in the sun with closed windows. If the temperature reaches at least 49° C, it will kill the insects;
- If you have a washing machine, try to wash things at 50° C. That will kill bed bugs;
- Bedbugs are also vulnerable to low temperatures. That is why among natural ways to get rid of bed bugs in a mattress is to keep it outside for a few days in subzero temperature;
- Using chemicals: powders, liquid preparations, sprays and other means. The exact rules of their applying you will find on their labels;
- If you are unsure how to remove bed bugs yourself, invite a disinsector.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
There are some home remedies to get rid of bed bugs:
- You can use fresh tansy flowers or branches of marsh tea as a natural remedy against bed bugs. Place the plants everywhere around the infested house or flat;
- Among other natural remedies is wormwood. You can find it in meadows or buy this herb at a pharmacy. Scatter it in the corners, behind baseboards and under the furniture; put it in your closet with linens and clothes;
- If you have spiders or centipedes, don’t kill them, as these creatures are natural enemies of bed bugs;
- You can treat the possible bed bugs habitat with turpentine, kerosene, transformer oil or vinegar, which are also known as home remedies for bed bugs. But keep in mind that these substances are toxic, so it is better to avoid using them without specialist’s assistance.
It must be noted that natural means are not as powerful as chemicals, so it is effective to use them in combination with chemicals. Complex treatment will help to remove the insects for good.
To prevent bed bugs appearing in your house you should:
- Carefully inspect mattresses and furniture when buying used items before you bring them into your house;
- During your stay at hotels check the mattress seams for the presence of bed bugs’ excrement and put your luggage on a desk or dressing table, not on the floor;
- If you live in a house, don’t let birds or bats settle on your attic;
- If bedbugs infested your neighbors, call sanitary and epidemiological service or other specialized companies to fight these small parasites.